Conference Agenda

MAST Med 2022 Grand Hyatt, Central Athens, Greece

Wed 2 Nov 2022

12:00 Wed 2 Nov 2022


1A: Surface

Strategic Maritime Issues

Security: Policies, Plans, Possibilities

Russian Naval Strategy: Combining Admiral Gorshkov with Jeune École.

  • Commander Johannes Riber
    PhD Fellow at the University of Copenhagen,
    Royal Danish Defence College

In 2015, in its latest maritime doctrine, Russia announced its ambition to become the second largest sea power in the world. Two years later, Russia’s naval doctrine set the stage for a naval construction programme not seen since the Soviet Union in the 1960s. By doing so, Russia declared that its sea power ambitions were equivalent to the Soviet sea power era in the 1970s. This article argues that Russian sea power ambitions are heavily inspired by the Soviet heritage and strategic culture. Yet, Russia suffers from economic and technological restraints and therefore has to rethink its naval strategy along two lines: A strategy that on the one hand invests in conventional and nuclear submarines inspired by its Soviet past while, on the other hand, its surface fleet follows the lines of the French naval theory of Jeune École. The has had a significant impact on Russia’s Black Sea Fleet and its operations in the Mediterranean where Russia’s follows a sea denial strategy though a combination of naval surface and subsurface presence and technological innovation of long range missiles.

This sets the stage for the Western naval strategy which must focus on both blue water antisubmarine operations and on littoral multi domain war fighting.

South China Seas: Reframing Issues Towards Mediterranean Sea Maritime Security Concept

  • Colonel (ret'd) Ramli H Nik
    Maritime Research Fellow
    National Defense University

The South China Sea (SCS) is the world’s second busiest international sea lane and conveys about one-fourth of the global crude oil and other goods. The regional states as well as the extra-regional powers are concerned on the security of this strategic waters because of the overlapping claims of the Exclusive Economic Zones by the coastal states. This paper examines the concept of preventive diplomacy by reframing South China Sea towards the Mediterranean Sea Maritime Security Concept in maintaining peace and stability in the maritime domain. Initially, the paper will compare the security mechanisms adopted in the two maritime domains in promoting peace and security

To address conflicting issues in the SCS, there are three mechanisms for coastal states to pursue as the very foundation and bold commitment to establish “ zone of peace” in the maritime domain. Firstly, what are the major maritime factors or agreements pursued by in Mediterranean Sea to attaining stability. Secondly, to what extend economic factors contributed towards instability, and finally, the international laws that is UNLOS 1982, further strengthened maritime security in the two domains. In conclusion, the paper will impress upon the political will of coastal states, especially China and the extra-regional powers continued to play key roles in maintaining peace and stability in the SCS.

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