Conference Agenda

MAST Med 2022 Grand Hyatt, Central Athens, Greece

Thu 3 Nov 2022

11:30 Thu 3 Nov 2022


3D: Air & Space

Cooperative Engagement

Cooperative Engagement # 6497 6428 6430 6495

Naval Cooperative Surveillance Capability

  • Mrs Aline Campillo
    Expert Tenue de Situation
    Ministry of Defence (DGA)

The Naval Cooperative Surveillance Capability

Aline CAMPILLO (CMS architect), DGA TN, Serge FRANCOIS (CMS expert), Antoine BOUQUET (CMS expert), Naval Group

The purpose of the Naval Cooperative Surveillance (NCS) capability is to elaborate a real time air and surface unique & high-quality tactical picture based on sensors detections (plots) of the whole naval force. Platforms of the naval force exchange sensor data by using high data rate network. Each unit elaborates his tactical situation in real time with all sensors detections of the naval force. Then, the NCS capability generates the same tactical picture on the different units of the fleet.

After a research phase of several years based on DGA (French Ministry of Defense) research plan and internal studies, Naval Group developed the industrial components of the NCS function. In order to perform the evaluation of this new capability with DGA and the French Navy, several experimentations of the NCS capability have been made at sea between 2015 and 2018 onboard the French Navy main ships (Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier, FREMM and Horizon frigates) including different types of sensor (surveillance radar, MFR, IFF and infrared).

Given these positive results, DGA and French Navy decided the NCS capability deployment on main ships of the French Navy: FREMM frigates, Horizon frigates, [email protected] frigates and Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier.

In this paper, we present an experimentation of a new NCS capability based on the sharing of the detection means of the French Navy ships and ground based Air defence systems. French Navy ships and ground based Air defence systems are often involved in operations on the national territory or in external theatres. Their common mission is then to carry out anti-aircraft defense land and sea environments.

The objectives of this experimentation are multiple:

- Demonstrate the interest of the exchanges of plots between the C2 Air centers and the Navy ships in addition to the L16 tactical exchanges,

- Show the improvement of the unicity of the situational awareness shared within the NCS unit, i.e. maintenance of a single common track for each real world object detected by NCS sensors.

- Show that the exchange of plots between the C2 Air centers and the Navy ships will make it possible to significantly improve the ability to alert and track new threats (hypersonic).

Main results of the experimentation and main conclusions are presented in this paper.

Keywords: Multiplatform – Tracking – CMS (Combat Management System)

The Need for Multi-Domain Battlespace, Acting as One at the Tactical Level

  • Mrs Helene Savvidis
    Digital Marketing Manager

Future Multi-domain operations will require distributed systems where connected platforms will form a combat network of actionable sensors, effectors and C2 nodes orchestrated by a Multi-Domain Combat Cloud (MDCC). Within this paper, Airbus wishes to highlight the MDCC’s agility when the operational level would decide to switch from one C2 assured by a service (for example a CAOC) to another one (in this case a MAOC). The idea is to demonstrate that at the tactical level, C2 is supported by an inclusive MDCC ecosystem fully interfaced with each platform’s Mission Management in every domain.

This implementation of a new C2 “framework” will require a doctrinal review and the establishment of an open service oriented IT & Comms architecture.

The need for a new C2 “framework” will be stressed through a multi-domain operation. The starting point will be a “No Fly Zone” scenario over an enclave within an aggressive neighboring state. At this stage, it is an operation under multi-domain Air C2 (Air plus Special Forces, Space and Cyber). With a worsening ground situation, an amphibious operation under multi-domain Maritime C2 is decided to support friendly forces in regaining control of the ground and preventing enemy infiltration.

In terms of doctrinal framework, Multi-Domain Tactical Functions (MDTFs) need to be defined to allow C2 distribution as required across domains and right down to the tactical edge. In the above scenario, some “Air oriented” MDTFs assumed by the multi-domain CAOC will switch to some “Navy oriented” MDTFs assumed by the multi-domain MAOC. As the operational centre of gravity shifts to the land domain, “Land oriented” MDTFs will then prevail. This doctrinal agility caters for the need of multi-domain tactical options for collaborative combat.

To enable the above, a MDCC is required with several IT & Com layers (massive data, AI/Machine Learning, cybersecurity). Such a technical environment will allow the running of Multi-Domain Technical Services (MDTS), in line with the NATO C3 Taxonomy, along the whole C2 process.In this specific scenario, these MDTS will enable multi-domain collaborative combat at a fluctuating edge.

Several illustrative examples of “air, navy and land” oriented MDTFs with associated MDTS will be provided.

Technology Development and Cooperation for Defense Equipment : Discrepancy and Collaboration

  • Mrs Helene Savvidis
    Digital Marketing Manager

Communications at sea were and still are a challenge. Due to the huge amount of data warship have to deal with, and because of the resurgence of threat at high seas, nowadays means are not sufficient anymore. Always driven by the ambition of being robust, resilient and safe naval communications are based on typical military communication system. Those systems have huge default: latency and data rate available are far from being able to fulfill the needs of naval warfare and are far from the industrial standard in the civilian world. Moreover, the gap is increasing day after day. Furthermore, the cycle of development of military programs, which can stand for more than 30years for an Aircraft Carrier or a nuclear submarine is in a total discrepancy with the cycle of development and sustainability of new IT/COM systems.

How can the industry sustain Navies to face this discrepancy between civilian offer and military needs? How can the Navies still face threats with the highest technology standards while remaining resilient and safe? A part of the answer might be in the collaboration between industrials and Navies to acknowledge on standards and use, the provision of civilian tailored solution and the adoption of system of systems methodology. Obviously a huge challenge, but a tough necessity.

First Time International European Demonstration of Plot Level Data Exhange and Fusion

  • Mr Frederic Livernet
    CMS Senior Expert
    Ministry of Defence (DGA)

The first time international European demonstration of Plot Level Data Exchange and Fusion (PLDEF) is reported in this paper. Up to our knowledge this is the first time ever European allies shared real-time military naval radar plot data in order to improve the tactical and operational situational awareness by local data fusion.
The objective of this capability is to outperform today’s well known track sharing systems in any aspect.

Optimum information supply on any naval vessel is crucial as this allows earlier and more accurate response to any type of threat with the effectors available. The increase of variability of threats, the increase of velocity of some of these threats, and the decrease of on-board manning for information processing enforce a next level automated capability to respond to these threats.

It is expected that allies are enforced to collaborate by exchanging information in another way – than provided by current systems - in order to execute the tasks assigned to the Force. At this moment the exchange of information is based on tracks (e.g. Link16) resulting in additional workload to keep the tactical picture clean. PLDEF is based on the exchange op plot data and local (at each platform) fusion.

The operational benefit of PLDEF is by far exceeding traditional systems that share tracks and thereafter select the track with the best qualify.

This paper reports the first time real-time international European demonstration (PLDEF). The demonstration, the operational results and future (inter-) national ambitions will be presented.

Frederic livernet : direction générale de l armement France

Eddy van Eeuwijk : thalesgroup Nederland

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